Jewish and Islamic cultures are, in many ways, similar to the outside observer. Some of the differences are more obvious than others.Both are patriarchal societies predicated on similar history and values. The Jews had many vineyards and drank wine as a part of their tradition, the Muslims forbade all alcohol.

bucharian and muslim and dating-19

When, in 709, the first Muslim Arabs reached Bukhara they set up the first of several Islamic dynasties in the region.

The Umayyad dynasty was the first to bring Islamic learning and culture to Bukhara. In 750 CE the Sunni Umayyads were replaced by the Shi'ite Abbasids who briefly controlled Bukhara from Baghdad.

The Jews were monogamous while the Muslims accepted man marrying up to four wives, and at times harems of concubines were common as well.

Though Bukhara was ruled by Muslims for most of the time between 700 CE and 1900, each of the Islamic dynasties, however, dealt with the Jews differently.

The Jews who did not convert struggled under the stricter Islamic influence.

Those who did convert became chalas, the Tajik word for 'neither one nor the other 'often converted in name, but continued to practice all of the customs that overlap both cultures, circumcision, arranged marriage, and not eating pork, and often tried to maintain there Jewish practices as well.The Uzbek leaders were less tolerant of the Jews in the region and, although it was never to the extent found in Europe, persecuted them.Jews had to wear yellow and black clothes that made them stand out among the people.In fact, it was not until an earthquake in 1720 that left Samarkhand uninhabitable, that all of the Jews living in the region moved to Bukhara.Jews as a religious minority: For the first 10 centuries the Jews lived peacefully as an accepted minority in a predominantly Zoroastrian culture.Because they were not fully one or the other the chalas often became outcastes shunned by the Jews for converting and the Muslims for their Jewish heritage.