During the 7th century, the Frankish merchant Samo, supporting the Slavs fighting against nearby settled Avars, became the ruler of the first known Slav state in Central Europe, the Samo's Empire.

The Moravian principality Great Moravia arose in the 8th century and reached its zenith in the 9th, when it held off the influence of the Franks and won the protection of the Pope.

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The Czech part of Czechoslovakia was occupied by Germany in World War II, and was liberated in 1945 by the armies of the Soviet Union and the United States.

The Czech country lost the majority of its German-speaking inhabitants after they were expelled following the war.

In a memorandum to all Czech embassies and diplomatic missions in 1993, the full name "Czech Republic" was recommended for use only in official documents and titles of official institutions.

Archaeologists have found evidence of prehistoric human settlements in the area, dating back to the Paleolithic era.

Slavic people from the Black Sea–Carpathian region settled in the area (a movement that was also stimulated by the onslaught of peoples from Siberia and Eastern Europe: Huns, Avars, Bulgars and Magyars).

In the sixth century they moved westwards into Bohemia, Moravia and some of present-day Austria and Germany.

The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia won the 1946 elections.

Following the 1948 coup d'état, Czechoslovakia became a one-party communist state under Soviet influence.

Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the whole Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy alongside the Archduchy of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary.