an alternative is that “broad ovall” is a corruption of “broached ornal,” a facing stone that has been worked with a chisel to carry diagonal or horizontal furrows. Three foot and an half from the lodge door under a perpend esler, and a green divot.If the latter is accepted, then the three elements, all of stone, could be interpreted as representing the interior of a Lodge. More likely they refer to rough and smooth ashlars placed on a square checkered carpet, as is till common in ceremonies performed in the majority of Lodges outside the United States. But under the lap of my liver where all my secrets of my heart lie.The document is written in a language known as middle Scots.

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By the time the manuscript came to be created , the spoken word “heill” has become sufficiently obscure that the writer feels obliged to clarify its meaning by adding “and conceal.” In this way he has not changed the catechism but added to it.

When these rituals or their descendants reached the United States of America the word “heill” was considered to be an error and was changed to “hail.” The logic was understandable, but it shows that the Scottish origins has been lost or forgotten.

Twelve men were required: seven masters and five entered apprentices.

This number was probably to ensure that there were sufficient knowledgeable Freemasons present to conduct the ceremony correctly, to form a true and perfect lodge.

The question asks what happens if even five masters and three entered apprentices cannot be found for a meeting. Being asked the name of the Lodge would almost certainly catch someone out who had not been initiated regularly, for he would be highly unlikely to give the correct response even if he knew the name of a Lodge at all.

The answer is that no meeting can be held but instead some socializing is OK. Kilwinning is one of the oldest lodges in the world. ” is intended to elicit one reply only and this is the direct comparison of a Masonic Lodge to King Solomon’s Temple – the Temple of Jerusalem. The one denotes the master mason, the other the warden, the third the setter craft (fellowcraft).

Two more handwritten rituals date from soon after the Edinburgh Register House, the Airlie MS (1705) and the Chetwode Crawley MS (ca. It is significant that these transcribed Masonic rituals began to appear in the 1690s.

Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite The Earliest Masonic Rituals The earliest known ritual in manuscript form is the Edinburgh Register House MS, which is dated 1696.

The question asks what happens if the numbers to form a true and perfect lodge are unavailable.