The symbiotic relationship between cycling and motoring continues today with the likes of bicycle-maker Specialized and F1 motorsport manufacturer Mc Claren working together on making bicycles more aerodynamic. In 1896 he was lobbying MPs not to introduce a “cycle Tax” at the same time as lobbying MPs over the so-called Emancipation Act that in November of that year would allow motor cars to drive, legally, on British roads. “: Cyclists might have been the first to awaken people to transport independent of oats and timetables, but motoring extended the concept.

Batchelder was described so , Sturmey was very active at promoting cycling even while he was also promoting motoring. free from fodder, free from timetables, free from rails …

The text in quotes and bold is the text with the note attached to it. “: Later motor cars, with more powerful engines, were sturdier and able to accommodate heavier carriage body-work. A railroad train, with its engineer, brakeman and conductor and fixed places of stoppage, is a creature of strict rules, and those who travel on it must temporarily surrender their private wishes, or, a portion of them, in order to co-operate with others.

Click on the large green text to navigate the notes in those chapters. A 2014 advert for Mitsubishi UK shows the evolution of wheels as going from stone (! “The man who takes an automobile and drives it along the open road, is, as it were, a freeholder, also with some of the freeholder’s freedom — though, doubtless, also with some of the freeholder’s limitations and weakness and isolation.

then you have ruled out the motor-car from playing any large part in the future development of this country …

A vehicle that can only travel its average speed in depopulated rural districts is quite unsuitable for the needs of the age …

is unsustainable in a number of well-understood but ignored ways”: Although even in bicycle-friendly Amsterdam the Dutch government is set to expand the A10 motorway in the south of the city from eight lanes to 12.

This mammoth infrastructure project plans to bury the road underground and create a public transport hub above. “New York City which is gradually taming the motor car …”: As well as transforming Times Square into a pedestrian zone New York City is installing cycleways and reducing speed limits across the city.

Machine tool manufacturers were also based in Coventry and sold first to cycle firms and later to motor car firms. made milling and grinding machines, lathes, drills, a hub lapping machine, and a powered hacksaw to Coventry cycle manufacturers, and to cycle firms across Europe.

“The City of Coventry: Crafts and industries: Modern industry and trade,” , 1969.

Singer, Rover, Daimler, and Humber were the largest motor car manufacturers in Coventry (only Daimler wasn’t a former bicycle brand, but the British company was started by cyclists).