Emotional regulation and control includes these activities or abilities: • Decrease (or increase) physiological arousal associated with emotion.

They have a very high sensitivity to stimuli – even small things set them off. And when emotionally aroused, they take longer to return to a baseline level of emotion. The more emotionally vulnerable a person is the more they need to be able to regulate emotion effectively.

BPD individuals tend to regulate emotions by either shutting down (avoiding emotions) or escape (intense overreaction).

Neither are the factors related to expressed emotion appreciated.

Also, factors that seem related to the expressed emotion (the person’s experience) are not appreciated.

Oversimplification of life’s difficulties leads to unrealistic goals.

Those with BPD tend to have an inability to use reward instead of punishment for small steps toward final goals.Family members of BPD individuals often feel that they are “walking on eggs” because BPD individuals are so emotionally sensitive and tend to over-react.Emotional intensity means that emotions are extreme and difficult to regulate.They often feel overwhelmed when depressed and out of control when anxious.Self-esteem is especially vulnerable as they often feel that their self-esteem is on the line in every situation.As adults, BPD individuals adopt the characteristics of the invalidating environment in which they grow up.