A very big difference between leadership and management, and often overlooked, is that leadership always involves (leading) a group of people, whereas management need only be concerned with responsibility for things, (for example IT, money, advertising, equipment, promises, etc).

And they are not necessarily done by different people.

It's not a case of, 'You are either a manager or a leader'.

We lead our own children when we are parents, and we lead when we organize anything. In fact it's impossible to limit descriptions of leadership merely to being a technical model, or a process, or a style or philosophy. As you will see, leadership can, and necessarily should, be approached from a variety of standpoints.

We certainly lead when we manage projects, or develop a new business. We can find leadership in every sort of work and play, and in every sort of adventure and project, regardless of scale, and regardless of financial or official authority. A helpful way to understand leadership is by exploring leadership thinking and theories using these three main conceptual viewpoints: This three-category approach provides the structure for what follows below in this leadership theories article.

The responsibilities are in no particular order, and the numbering is simply to aid the matching of one item to another as you consider the management perspective versus the leadership perspective. Where a manager does things which appear in the leadership list, then actually he or she is leading, as well as managing.

(Incidentally this view of managing vs leading forms the basis of a group/teambuilding exercise to explore the differences between managing and leading, available in the teambuilding games section, and is a good activity to use with groups where the aim is to explain and develop leadership for others.) James Scouller has an additional and helpful viewpoint on the distinction between leadership and management: He says: "Leadership is more about change, inspiration, setting the purpose and direction, and building the enthusiasm, unity and 'staying-power' for the journey ahead.

- and Leadership vs Management Differences Grid Leadership Terminology Clarifications - Models, Philosophies and Styles - Terminology Definitions and Terminology Differences (what the terminology itself means) Leadership Definitions - what leadership is and what leadership means Leadership and the Leader's Purpose - the aims and responsibilities of an effective leader Leadership Glossary - the main leadership terminology explained simply and concisely Leadership Theories - Overview - models, philosophies and styles - and index of leadership concepts Leadership Models - explanations and examples of the main leadership models Leadership Philosophies - explanations and examples of the main leadership philosophies Leadership Styles - explanations and examples of the main leadership styles Summary and Conclusion - and useful outline of this extensive leadership guide Acknowledgments - including expert co-author James Scouller's biography Additions and Amendments - details of significant changes, new theories added, and other amendments Training/Teaching Use - note about use of materials related to proprietary systems This free guide to leadership theories is a comprehensive, easy-to-read summary of leadership concepts.

In fact this leadership guide aims to be the clearest, most succinct and useful summary of leadership (concepts, theories and thinking) available anywhere.

We lead the moment we take the first supervisory responsibility at work, and we may lead even before we assume official responsibility to do anything. A writer or visionary may lead when he or she puts pen to paper and creates a book, or poem, or article which inspires and moves others to new thoughts and actions. So is a local councillor, and so can be a community fund-raiser. And so, given the many ways in which leadership operates, it is no surprise that leadership is so difficult to define and describe. I am grateful to James Scouller, an expert coach, thinker and writer on leadership, for the contribution of most of the technical content for this article, and for the collaboration in editing it and presenting it here. Some US-English spellings with 'our' and 'ize' word-endings (for example, behavior, favour, color, organize, mobilize, etc) are different to UK-English spellings/preferences (behaviour, organise, etc).

Aside from what follows here, Scouller's expertise in leadership theory is evidenced particularly in his 2011 book The Three Levels of Leadership, which I commend to you. Both versions of the ise/ize spellings may be used on this webpage, as appropriate, especially for the words organisation/organization, as appropriate, and to aid searching.

These materials can be used for: It is appropriate here briefly to explain, and give examples of, the differences between management and leadership.