Typically, a Master's Degree in chemistry is required because of the extensive lab work.Increasingly though, students are learning about the principles of radiocarbon dates in archaeology, palaeontology and climate science degrees and can combine cross-disciplinary studies.

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But the radiocarbon detected in diamonds is equivalent to ages of up to 80,000 years.

So you can see why the various age limits have appeared in different publications of ours.

Stone and metal cannot be dated but pottery may be dated through surviving residue such as food particles or paint that uses organic material (8).

There are a number of ways to enter into a career in studying radiocarbon dating.

AMS works slightly differently; it converts the atoms of the sample into fast-moving ions so that they become charged atoms.

By applying magnetic and electrical fields, the mass of these ions is measured and the accelerator is used to remove ions that might contaminate the dating.

AMS counts the quantity of C isotope is constantly formed in the upper atmosphere thanks to the effects of cosmic rays on nitrogen-14 atoms.

It is oxidised quickly and absorbed in great quantities by all living organisms - animal and plant, land and ocean dwelling alike.

It also has some applications in geology; its importance in dating organic materials cannot be underestimated enough.